Materials For more information concerning the materials and procedures for all studies included in this article, consult our project page on the Open Science Framework: Abstract Arguments opposing same-sex marriage are often made on religious grounds. Opposition to same-sex marriage Participants indicated their endorsement of the following item: The antidiscrimination principle is appealed to not in order to show that some married couples have previously been denied the recognition of their marriage. Nevertheless, we believe that whether opposition to same-sex marriage is produced by or is a manifestation of sexual prejudice, their close relationship lends a certain theoretical understanding to that opposition. Opposition to equality We conducted a similar mediation analysis including opposition to equality and sexual prejudice as mediators, this time adjusting for resistance to change. Reversing arrows in mediation models does not distinguish plausible models.
Study 4a supported the expectation that conservative preferences to maintain the status quo would help account for relations among religiosity, sexual prejudice, and opposition to same-sex marriage.
Same-Sex "Marriage" Is Not a Civil Right
This research was supported in part by Canada Graduate Scholarships received from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council by the third and fifth author. The case of attitudes toward homosexuals. Nor would equal treatment of citizens before the law require a court to conclude that those of us who pray before the start of auto races should be allowed to redefine our auto clubs as churches. We observed that participants who were more conservative were more prejudiced, even after adjusting for the influence of religiosity on conservatism and sexual prejudice, r M1M2. Thus, conservatism did significantly mediate the relationship between religiosity and opposition to same-sex marriage to the extent that it predicted sexual prejudice. Resistance to change Five items tapped the first aspect of conservatism on a scale from 1 strongly disagree to 7 strongly agree:
This research helps address the question of why people might oppose same-sex marriage at the level of social, personality, and political psychology. A system justification perspective on religious ideology. Our reasoning was consistent with prior research, indicating that religiosity and conservatism are associated with system justification Jost et al. Hodges, resistance lingers in the United States and elsewhere. The United Church of Christ is one example. Therefore, in Studies 1 and 2, we addressed the question of whether the effect of religiosity on opposition to same-sex marriage is mediated by sexual prejudice. The much disputed question of whether same-sex relationships are morally good or bad, healthy or unhealthy, is beside the point at this stage of legal consideration.